1- the apse
2- the nave
3- the ceiling and the skeleton
4- the chapel
5- the bell tower-wall
Situated above and
away from the village, the church conceals many treasures.
Saint Calixte holds sets of
paintings from 3
The Romanesque paintings of
in the apse,
and hidden behind the altarpiece, this first set dates from the late 12th or early 13th Century.
In the centre of a
vast Mandorle appears a
figure of Christ in
His face is hidden by a vault supporting the altarpiece. Of the right
hand he blesses, and of the left he holds the Book of Life placed upon
sound knees. We can also distinguish his right foot. He surrounded with
of the Evangelists
: angel of Saint Matthew and Marc's lion or Luck's bull .
Below, represents the Apostolic school, which is difficult to identify.
This is a well-kept
drawing with a rich
colour palette. The artist who restored it has mastered
his technique. We are also lucky to possess at Saint Calixte the original pigments.
At the beginning of 2000s, this Romanesque set appeared to be the only one of its type kept in
the department of the
The 15th Century paintings
of the choir
These are situated under the Romanesque set,
painted on a layer of filler. In all likelihood they are covering over
In signt of the tracks
left in the
fresh filler, the det was certainly completed by wooden boards. One of
these boards is reused in summer behind the altarpiece.
This set consists of a
series of 4 scenes.
From left to right these are : the
Worship of the wise men, the Whipping, the Crucifixion and the fight of Saint Calixte and Saint
Mercurial against the Moors.
These scenes painted
on the wall, completed by wooden boards, feigned the skeleton of the altarpiece
such as it is imposed in France and in Ctalonia, from the 15th Century.
The 16th Century set
The sixteenth century saw the
realization of numerous
to Saint Calixte. During this time the ceiling was implemented and the
addition of the chapel made, including the purchase of a bell. There
was also the realization of new paintings on all of the walls.
Regrettably, the majority of these paintings
with a layer of lime
further to the epidemic
of Spanish flu which touch the region in 1918. Some of these
images are re-emerging as the lime falls.
Only the painting
in the vault
of the north chapel
is completely visible.
It is a representation
of God the Father. Of the right hand he blesses, of the
left he holds the Globe. He surrounded with borders decorated,
consisting of several strips which each have a different motive.
learn about this painting by studying another painting in the church of Saint
Barthélémy of Mont, a nearby
village. This is by the same
Rodigis, and come from Saint Bertrand de Comminges. They date from 1563 - 1565.
Put in the 16th Century, it was
after the altarpiece was completed.
It is a ceiling
with visible joists,
in a French-style
that is usually reserved
for the civil houses.
The motifs are painted
onto the joists by stencil
and represent biblical
scenes. These feature episodes
of the life of the saints as well as the fight of Saint Calixte.
The paintings are simply treated in black
and white, as engravings.
altarpiece and the equestrian statue
The Valley of Louron,
quite as her neigbour the Valley of Aure, houses numerous altarpieces.
This is due to sculptors'
local workshops, and very active retabliers, in the seventeeth and eighteenth
centuries. They also represent a little of revolutionary
acts in these valleys.
Saint Calixte's altarpiece is one
of first works of a leader of the time, Marc Ferrère.
For the most part it shows a fidelity
to the aesthetics of the
previous decades : rigorous composition, columns trunks, evangelists'
statues put on the ledge. However, the presence of two fluted columns
Two large-sized statues occupy each a side of the altarpiece. On the
right is, we suppose, Saint Bertrand de Comminges whilst on the left is
in 1709, it was paid over some nine
years and was painted
On the left-hand side, in front of the altarpiece,is held Saint Calixte's representation on
by horse. This dates from the sixteenth century
and is rare
for its time.
It would appear that is was created by a local artist.
When we look at it, one element strickes us, the look of the horse,
which does not look like a charger ready for the fight !
This short presentation
of Saint Calixte's treasures has for
Comminges et des Pyrénées Centrales.
Tome CXVI 2000 "L'église Saint Calixte de
Cazaux-Fréchet : son architecture et ses décors
monumentaux" et "Les Peintures murales romanes - Saint Calixte de
du patrimoine - Hautes-Pyrénées 1998
L'art des retables vallées d'Aure et du Louron
du patrimoine - Hautes-Pyrénées 1997
Sculpture médiévale Aure et Louron